Relativity of Environmental Sustainability Illustrated by the Red Queen Hypothesis

Względność zrównoważenia w przyrodzie na przykładzie działania Hipotezy Czerwonej Królowej

Kamila Musiał

National Research Institute of Animal Production, Department of Production Systems and Environment, 1 Krakowska St., 32-083 Balice, Poland
E-mail:, ORCID: 0000-0002-6713-341X


The worrying phenomenon of our times is a rapid decline in the biodiversity, that is directly related to the disorder in environmental sustainability. However, the question is whether before the appearance of the Homo sapiens there was a greater eco-sustainability? Or maybe even without the presence of the man such state would be rather correlated with some natural processes, that happen independently of our interference? The paper attempts to explain the relativity of environmental sustainability described by the Red Queen Hypothesis (RQH). That model presents competition in nature, which may be extrapolated to all interactions in the world of living organisms. The RQH shows that in the evolutionary terms not keeping pace on the run threatens not only progress but also poses an increasing risk of elimination of a given individual. So in that way environmental sustainability is relative and the model explains the probability of a constant extinction, so in fact a fall.

Key words: nature, Red Queen hypothesis, progress and fall, environmental sustainability and unsustainability, the man

Słowa kluczowe: przyroda, hipoteza Czerwonej Królowej, postęp i upadek, środowiskowe zrównoważenie i jego brak, człowiek

Problemy Ekorozwoju 18(1):2023: 170-176

DOI: 10.35784/pe.2023.1.17

Submitted: 25.10.22, accepted: 7.11.22, published on-line: 1.01.23