Institutional Development of Organic Farming in the EU

Instytucjonalny rozwój rolnictwa organicznego w UE

Mirela Tomaš Simin*, Dragan Milić, Marica Petrović,
Danica Glavaš-Trbić, Bojana Komaromi, Katarina Đurić

University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 8, Novi Sad, Serbia
*E-mail (Corresponding Author): mirela.tomas@polj.edu.rs, mirelat@polj.uns.ac.rs

Abstract

The concept of sustainable development has been attracting the attention of the scientific and professional community for decades. Various researches and papers focused on the concept of sustainability, exploring it through the prism of the economic, ecological and social subsystem. In this paper, the authors focus on agriculture and its sustainability. Starting from the assumption that organic farming is a sustainable system production, the authors turn to institutional support, trying to find a link between EU agricultural policy (CAP) and the growth of areas in organic agriculture. The research showed that this kind of support system failed to play the role that was intended for it and did not lead to mass acceptance of organic agriculture everywhere. Authors on the example of Denmark, Germany and Italy show the extent to which state support has influenced the expansion of areas under this system. Also, the comparison with the US agricultural policy leads to the conclusion that support policies for organic production constructed on a one-dimensional focus of payments per unit area will not lead to the expected results in terms of further progress and development of the organic sector.

Key words: organic farming, CAP, sustainability, development, subsidies

Słowa kluczowe: rolnictwo organiczne, CAP,  zrównoważoność, rozwój, subsydia

Problemy Ekorozwoju 18(1)2023: 120-128

DOI: 10.35784/pe.2023.1.12

Submitted: 27.04.2022, accepted: 9.06.22, published on-line: 1.01.23

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