Zrównoważony rozwój i nauka o zrównoważoności. Skąd pochodzimy, gdzie jesteśmy teraz i dokąd zmierzamy? Część I: Historia koncepcji
Technical University of Ostrava, Czechia
This work focuses on the origin, the history and milestones that led to the conceptualization of sustainable development (SD). Not only is the concept of SD broad, but it is often used interchangeably with the more general (but sometimes also more specific) concept of sustainability. The concept of SD is analysed based on its development and relationships with sustainability and related scientific (theoretical) and practical concepts. The rationale behind this work lies in clarifying the meaning of SD, including the concept of sustainability, and, on the basis of this, identifying the main ways of moving closer towards the aims of SD, including quality of life and wellbeing. The limitations of the concept are identified and summarized, as are the alternatives to SD and sustainability. The rationale behind this work lies not only in the clarifying of the SD concept, but also in the normative evaluation of this concept in relation to the wellbeing and quality of life of the Earth’s population for an infinite time period, while maintaining the supply of ecosystem services which the planet provides, taking into account that these resources are not only a source of people’s wellbeing, but are essential for people’s survival in general. Hence this work includes an in-depth sophisticated consideration of the SD concept based on its historical development, with a focus on the most crucial milestones, as well as normative assessments of the concept resulting from this knowledge.
Key words: development, history, progress, quality of life, sustainable development, sustainability, wellbeing
JEL Classification: I10, I13, I15, I18, Q01
Słowa kluczowe: rozwój, historia, postęp, jakość życia, zrównoważony rozwój, zrównoważoność, dobrostan
Problemy Ekorozwoju 17(2)2022: 7-18